Reading habits in children

By Zubeida Mustafa

THE ten-year-old drones on as he pausesat the end of each paragraph glancingfurtively at his teacherfor the eagerly awaited signal to stop.

The four-i ear-old enthusiastically turns the pages of his picture book as be concentrates on whatthe illustrations are trying to convey.

Although the older child is doingwhat would technically be called the act 0f reading recognizing the printed letter and decodingit into pronounceable words it is the four-year-old who isactually doing more readingfor reading is a complete actof communication which correspondsto the act of writing in thesense that it involves responseand feedback from the reader.

Despite the advantages of reinterpretationand retrospectionwhich reading offers, many people are not inclined to take upa book purely for recreation. They would much prefer the TV screen. Surprising thoughit might appear this is the case,to a greater extent, in the developed countries where literacyis universal and where onewould expect to take the readinghabit for granted. Thus it is estimated that in France 53 percent, in Netherlands 40 per centand in Hungary 39 per cent ofthe adults do not read books.But in Bangladesh where literacyis low barelya tenth of the literate people are non-readers, since those whoare literate are highly motivated. Continue reading “Reading habits in children”

Examination reforms – womeneducationists take the plunge

By Zubeida Mustafa

A QUIET revolution in the examination system has already takenplace In one of the leading girls schools of Karachi.With teaching experience of over acentury behind them, aband of devoted women educationists with amissionary zeal have taken the plunge and introduced changes inthe mode of examination which from our standards can be described as really radical.

Talking to the principal of this school, one of the oldest in Karachi which has over 2,000students an Its rolls, I realized what a challenge it must have been to plan, organise and implement the new exam system which is now in its fourth year running. Continue reading “Examination reforms – womeneducationists take the plunge”